Interactive documental story about two towns that
were build on mines - Berezniki and Solikamsk
Mine Towns Usolye
Families were evacuated from the crack houses in the area on the ground dips karnalitovyh workings of the company "Uralkali" in Berezniki. In 2007, specifically for those evicted people began to erect neighborhood Usolsky-2.
Later in the air hastily erected buildings were revealed sharp excess of maximum permissible concentration of formaldehyde, phenol, xylene. The reason was used building materials: mineral wool, cement particle boards, insulation ... It was found that the content of formaldehyde in some apartments exceed the MPC to 46 times! It is known that formaldehyde - a carcinogenic substance. Inhalation of his people at the level of the past 20 MAC causes cancer, respiratory diseases, eye, immune system, etc. About 60 families initially placed in these homes were immediately evicted maneuverable in urban housing. Usolye Solikamsk Berezniki
Uralkali is one of the world’s largest potash producers with a share of about 20% in global potash production. The Company’s assets consist of 5 mines and 7 ore-treatment mills situated in the towns of Berezniki and Solikamsk (Perm Region, Russia). Uralkali employs ca.11,800 people (in the main production unit). Uralkali’s shares and GDRs are traded on the Moscow Exchange and LSE, respectively.

In my childhood I passed through Solikamsk and I remember seeing mountains salt dumps, heavy sky and stories of black snow. In addition, my relatives have told me that now back in Berezniki they found the wreckage of buildings instead of houses, as if a war had taken place. And the paths where they used to access the local store for milk between the houses has been transformed into a field of ruins.

This is a damn unusual place!

 

ENTER Failures in Berezniki and Solikamsk - subsidence and man-made earthquake in the territory Verkhnekamsk potassium and magnesium salts.
Berezniki and Solikamsk, the second and the third largest city of Perm area, located on the mine workings Verkhnekamskoye deposit. In particular, in Berezniki large part of residential development located above the mines BRU-1 of "Uralkali". In some areas, cavities located just 250-300 meters from the surface. On the possible danger of subsidence and collapse of houses scientists first began in the mid-1970s. The most dramatic events occurred in connection with the accident at the first mine. In the short time line was laid Yaiva - Solikamsk, which has become one of the largest construction projects of JSC "Russian Railways". A few years after the accident was partially destroyed a railway station Berezniki, while filling the failure of the building of Berezniki Mine Construction Management truck driver Salt production
The town is famous for its production of salt; in particular potassium chloride, which is used as a fertilizer. More than 11,000 people work in salt mining industry: 3,000 underground and 7,000 above ground. It was also close to a labor camp during in the Soviet era, which is a museum today. There is also a museum dedicated to showcasing all the stages of salt mining and refining. Opposition ... In April, 2013 the family Motinov - Ponomarev run out of patience, and they were settled in a house on Doschennikova, 15, poisoned by formaldehyde. "This is our form of protest - they said . - And this is our rightful property , although deadly. Let some take decisions. Why do we have to sit for years in a maneuvering fund?! "
The tenant is a protestant Vladimir Ponomarev in his home on Doschennikova 15 in an empty and lifeless village Usolie-2. Photo: Tatiana Chudakov Most of the families who have been victims of this chain of man-caused disasters bureaucratic, resigned to his fate and live in a maneuvering fund. Including those who privatized the new apartments. And only Motinov-Ponomariov, tired of waiting and writing letters to the governor Basargin, refused to live in a temporary maneuver fund, and drove to his apartment in Usolsky-2. The maximum permissible concentration of formaldehyde in their apartment exceeded, according to measurements conducted at least 7 times. This is an unacceptably high risk of diseases, including cancer. Family of three people required to bring them flat in a safe state, or else pay them its value, so that they can afford to buy more housing on their own.
No one officially recognized these apartments uninhabitable. For the toxic housing fight to the death! ..
Solikamsk, whose name means "salt on the Kama," was founded in 1430 when the Kalinnikov merchant family (from Vologda, in the Russian north) established a salt works there. To this day the economy of Solikamsk depends heavily on the mining of potassium and related salts. By the end of the seventeenth century Solikamsk also served as a major transit point not only to Siberia but also to China.
Fortunately, mining enterprises continue to give Solikamsk a reasonable prospect of economic stability and growth. On that basis the city's architectural heritage--with the support of the Orthodox Church-will survive as one of regional Russia's unique historic ensembles.
"Welcome to the Berezniki, the city of chemistry ." The restructuring of the general public learned that a great chemistry - not a blessing but a curse that Berezniki - one of the most "dirty" cities of the USSR . Locals not without perverse pride remember the story in newsreel "wick ", which hardened their countryman spacewalks without a spacesuit. Berezniki is the only city in the world, in whose territory are potash mines . Before the Canadian Potash Corp mines half hour drive from the city of Saskatoon, American Mosaic mine in New Mexico and Michigan are also located at a respectful distance from the nearest towns . Even from Soligorsk Belarus, home of "Belaruskali" potash mines to 15 km.
Situation in Media

http://www.forbes.ru/forbes/issue/2009-02/7806-gorod-i-pustota

 

http://lifenews.ru/news/145562

 

http://top.rbc.ru/business/24/11/2014/5472f367cbb20f47fd664aa1

 

https://meduza.io/feature/2014/11/20/solikamskiy-proval

 

https://news.mail.ru/inregions/volgaregion/59/society/21321967/?frommail=1

 

http://www.ntv.ru/novosti/1265438

 

http://geo.1september.ru/article.php?ID=200900505

 

http://ura.ru/story/84

 

http://www.dni.ru/incidents/2015/2/13/294795.html

 

http://nvdaily.ru/info/41525.html

 

http://new.prpc.ru/paper/naedine-s-formaldegidom.html

 

 

 

MAIN
OVERVIEW
SOLIKAMSK
URALKALI
USOLYE
BEREZNIKI
OPPOSITION
IN MEDIA
CREDITS
Credits

Idea and creation - Maria Gyarmati

 

Camera - Maria Gyarmati, Laszlo Gyarmati

 

Help in translation - Jennifer Deborah Walker

 

Thanks to my mom